PowerShell Script to Manipulate SQL Server Backup Files

Posted in: Microsoft SQL Server, Technical Track

Scenario

I use Ola Hallengren’s famous backup solution to back up my SQL Server databases. The destination for full backups is a directory on local disk; let’s say D:\SQLBackup\

If you are familiar with Ola’s backup scripts, you know the full path for backup file looks something like:

D:\SQLBackup\InstanceName\DatabaseName\FULL\InstanceName_DatabaseName_FULL_yyyymmdd_hhmiss.bak

Where InstanceName is a placeholder for the name of the SQL server instance, similarly, DatabaseName is for the Database Name.

Problem

Depending upon my retention period settings, I may have multiple copies of full backup files under the said directory. The directory structure is complicated too (backup file for each database is under two parent folders). I want to copy the latest backup file (only) for each database to a UNC share and rename the backup file scrubbing everything but the database name.

Let’s say the UNC path is \\RemoteServer\UNCBackup. The end result would have the latest full backup file for all the databases copied over to \\RemoteServer\UNCBackup with files containing their respective database names only.

Solution

I wrote a PowerShell script to achieve the solution. This script can be run from a PowerShell console or PowerShell ISE. The more convenient way would be to use PS subsystems and schedule a SQL Server agent job to run this PowerShell script. As always, please run this on a test system first and use at your own risk. You may want to tweak the script depending upon your requirement.

 

<#################################################################################

   

Script Name: CopyLatestBackupandRename.ps1                       

Author     : Prashant Kumar                           

Date       : March 29th, 2015

   

Description: The script is useful for those using Ola Hallengren’s backup solution.

             This script takes SQL Server full backup parent folder as an input,

             a remote UNC path as another input and copies the latest backup file

             for each database, renames the backup file to the remote UNC path.

 

 

This Sample Code is provided for the purpose of illustration only and is not

intended to be used in a production environment. THIS SAMPLE CODE AND ANY

RELATED INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER

EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF

MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

##################################################################################>

 

#Clear screen

cls

 

#Specify Parent folder where Full backup files are originally being taken

$SourcePath = ‘D:\SQLBackup\InstanceName’

 

#Specify UNC path ot network share where backup files has to be copied

$UNCpath = ‘\\RemoteServer\UNCBackup’

 

#Browse thru subfolders (identical to database names) inside $SourcePath

$SubDirs = dir $SourcePath -Recurse | Where-Object {$_.PSIsContainer} | ForEach-Object -Process {$_.FullName}

 

#Browse through each sub-drorectory inside parent folder

ForEach ($Dirs in $SubDirs)

       {

    #List recent file (only one) within sub-directories

       $RecentFile = dir $Dirs | Where-Object {!$_.PSIsContainer} | Sort-Object {$_.LastWriteTime} -Descending | Select-Object -First 1

      

    #Perform operation on each file (listed above) one-by-one

       ForEach ($File in $RecentFile)

              {

       

              $FilePath = $File.DirectoryName

              $FileName = $File.Name

        $FileToCopy=$FilePath+‘\’+$FileName

        $PathToCopy=($filepath -replace [regex]::Escape($SourcePath), $UNCpath)+‘\’

       

        #Forecfully create the desired directory structure at destination if one doesn’t exist

        New-Item -ItemType Dir -Path $PathToCopy -Force

 

        #Copy the backup file

        Copy-Item $FileToCopy $PathToCopy

 

        #Trim the date time from the copied file name, store in a variable

        $DestinationFile = $PathToCopy+$FileName

        $RenamedFile = ($DestinationFile.substring(0,$DestinationFile.length20))+‘.bak’

 

        #Rename the copied file

        Rename-Item $DestinationFile $RenamedFile

 

        }

             

       }

 

 

 

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About the Author

Prashant Kumar describes his work style as very structured, which enables him to react calmly in high pressure situations. He believes that processes and documentation are critical to fostering effective communication, mitigating risks, and troubleshooting. Prashant’s colleagues can rely on him to troubleshoot any SQL Server related issue, where he can leverage his past life at Microsoft. He prides himself on his ability to gather the appropriate, relevant information in order to establish the root cause of an issue, rather than rushing to a quick solution.

2 Comments. Leave new

hi can you please let me know if i can mentioned specific date in below line
suppose i want to move some specific date file in the folder liek
monthly or yearly

$RecentFile = dir $Dirs | Where-Object {!$_.PSIsContainer} | Sort-Object {$_.LastWriteTime} -Descending | Select-Object -First 1

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