Azure SQL Database is Microsoft’s Database as a Service (DBaaS) platform offering. It allows end users to leverage the power of SQL Server in the cloud without the expense and complexity of building a private infrastructure. Additionally, this offering simplifies database maintenance tasks while providing seamless high availability and disaster recovery capabilities.
Although DBaaS offerings are still crawling out their infancy, with the correct planning and use cases, implementing an Azure SQL Database solution can be a relatively straightforward process. However, as this platform continues to mature, you can expect to encounter some “Ghosts in the Machine”. Hopefully this post will allow you to avoid some of these unexpected behaviors.
- What’s in a name?
Azure SQL Servers all share the same public domain, database.windows.net and access is controlled through IP white-lists and user credentials. Until recently, Azure SQL Database dynamically allocated server names comprised of long random strings for security purposes and because each Azure server name must be unique globally. However, recently Microsoft provided the ability to allocate specific server names specified by the end user, i.e. MyServerName.database.windows.net.
This feature is a more than a welcome addition, particularly for organizations who wish to pre-configure connection strings for cloud implementations.
The hidden gotcha resides in the implementation of this feature. Once you create a server with a user defined name, the Azure cloud reserves that name for you within the Azure fabric. If for any reason you remove the server you will be unable to recreate the server using the same name for at least 5 days. When you attempt to recreate the server, you will receive the message “Specified server name is already used” as depicted below:
Microsoft is aware of this limitation, however, at this time, the only way to correct the situation is to contact Microsoft Support and have them remove the Azure fabric metadata manually.
Additionally, it should be noted that you can only specify a specific Azure SQL Database Server name in the preview portal. This feature is not available in the standard portal or via the New-AzureSqlDatabaseServer Cmdlet in PowerShell.
2. You can change the performance tier at any time, unless you can’t.
One of the fantastic benefits of leveraging Azure SQL Database is the ability to switch service tiers at any time, without service disruption in order to leverage pay per minute costing efficiencies.
Unfortunately, another hidden gotcha may rear its ugly head during the switching process. Organizations that utilize BCP processes against an Azure SQL instance need to be wary when performing a service level switch. BCP operations often simply “Hang” when switching between service levels. The only resolution for this issue is to terminate the process and re-initiate once the tier switch has been completed.
3. I know you’re there, but I can’t see you.
Just like all could offerings, Azure SQL Database continues to mature and improve. However, you need to be prepared for some management inconsistencies. The preview portal is aptly named and although some functions are only available within the preview portal, you may need to frequently revert to the standard portal for a more consistent experience.
As an example, I have a client who switched databases between standard and premium tiers and vice versa. These databases no longer display in the preview portal at all. However, they do appear correctly in the standard portal as shown in the CIA level of redacted screen captures below.